Gary: “How does a man who was born in 1921 have such an influence on the early Rock and Roll Era? I really did not know much about him in 1958. I was eighteen, everyone loved the song and did the “Hand Jive”. But he had more of an influence than just that one song. He was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994 as a Non-Performer for his work as a songwriter and producer with Elvis Presley . He had a very influential TV show in LA in the early sixties and some of the greatest artists played on his show. Let’s take a brief look at —
Born John Alexander Veliotes; December 28, 1921, Vallejo, California
Sadly, Johnny passed away Tuesday, January 17, 2012.
Video: Hand Jive 1960 live
Video: Hand Jive by Eric Clapton
1. Willie and the Hand Jive/ Capitol 3966/ June 1958/ #9 Original
2. Willie and the Hand Jive (different recording by Johnny)
3. Telephone Baby/ Capitol 4168/ 1959
4. Crazy Country Hop/ 1959
5. Cupid’s Boogie/ 1950
Johnny Otis was born December 28, 1921 in Vallejo, California. He grew up in a predominantly black neighbourhood in Berkeley, California, where his father owned and operated a neighbourhood grocery store. He began his musical career in 1939 as a drummer with Count Otis Matthew’s West Oakland House Rockers. In 1943, at the recommendation of Nat “King” Cole and Jimmy Witherspoon, he moved to Los Angeles to join Harlan Leonard’s Kansas City Rockets at the Club Alabam. By 1945 he was leading his own band, and had his first big hit that year with “Harlem Nocturne”. In 1948 he joined with Bardu and Tila Ali, and Johnny Miller to open The Barrelhouse in Los Angeles, which was the first nightclub to feature Rhythm & Blues exclusively. In 1950 he had ten songs that made the Top 10 on Billboard Magazine’s Best Selling Retail Rhythm & Blues Records list. With this success, he went on the road with his California Rhythm & Blues Caravan, and became the hottest musical attraction in black America. In the early 1950’s, remaining active as a writer, performer, and producer, Johnny began a radio career and became one of the most popular disc jockeys in southern California. His career in radio has now spanned almost 50 years. His early radio broadcast success led to a weekly variety show on television. “The Johnny Otis Show” was on TV in Los Angeles for eight years.
Johnny Otis discovered many legendary Rhythm and Blues singers such as Esther Phillips, Willie Mae “Big Momma” Thornton, Etta James, and the Robins (who later evolved into the Coasters), all of whom were at one time featured vocalists in his band. He also discovered Sugar Pie DeSanto, Hank Ballard and the Midnighters, Jackie Wilson, and Little Willie John. He produced, and with his band played on the original recording of “Hound Dog” with “Big Momma” Thornton. He produced and played on Johnny Ace’s “Pledging My Love”, and produced some of Little Richard’s earliest recordings. On his own Blues Spectrum lable, Johnny has recorded and played with Rhythm & Blues pioneers such as Big Joe Turner, Gatemouth Moore, Amos Milburne, Richard Berry, Joe Liggins, Roy Milton, Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson, Charles Brown, and Louis Jordan. Johnny played the drums on Charles Brown’s first major hit “Driftin’ Blues” in 1946. He also recorded with Illinois Jacquet, and Lester Young. One of the many highlights of his long career was when he performed as a drummer with the great Count Basie Orchestra.
In the 1960’s Johnny served as Deputy Chief of Staff to Mervin Dymally, whose career he followed from the State Assembly, State Senate, Lieutenant Governorship of California, to the U.S. Congress. His first book “Listen To The Lambs”, which addressed the 1965 race riots was published in 1968. His next book, “Upside Your Head! Rhythm & Blues on Central Avenue” was published in 1993. Many of his paintings, sculptures, and wood carvings are displayed in “Colors and Chords – The Art of Johnny Otis” which was published in 1995. His most recent book, “Johnny Otis – Red Beans & Rice and Other Rock ‘n’ Roll Recipes” was published in 1997.
Johnny Otis’s song writing credits include “Every Beat of My Heart”, (a song he wrote originally for Jackie Wilson, but was made a hit by Gladys Knight and the Pips), “Roll With Me Henry”, (also known as “The Wallflower”), “So Fine”, “Willie znd the Hand Jive” (which sold over 1.5 million copies), and many, many others.
Johnny has been inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame, into the Blues Hall of Fame and into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. The Archives of African American Music and Culture at the University of Indiana has cataloged hundreds of hours of his past radio shows for his interviews, comments, insights, and historical significance. (Johnny Otis)